[pdf] Ayaz, H., Baker, W. B., Blaney, G., Boas, D. A., Bortfeld, H., Brady, K., Brake, J., Brigadoi, S., Buckley, E. M., Carp, S. A., Cooper, R. J., Cowdrick, K. R., Culver, J. P., Dan, I., Dehghani, H., Devor, A., Durduran, T., Eggebrecht, A. T., Emberson, L. L., Fang, Q., … Zhou, W. (2022). Optical imaging and spectroscopy for the study of the human brain: status report. Neurophotonics, 9(Suppl 2), S24001.

[pdf] Lanka, P., Bortfeld, H., & Huppert, T. J. (2022). Correction of global physiology in resting-state functional near-infrared spectroscopy. Neurophotonics, 9(3).

[pdf] Oghalai, J. S., Bortfeld, H., Feldman, H. M., Chimalakonda, N., Emery, C., Choi, J. S., & Zhou, S. (2022). Cochlear implants for deaf children with early developmental impairment. Pediatrics, 149(6).

[pdf] Gonzales, M. G., Backer, K. C., Yan, Y., Miller, L. M., Bortfeld, H., & Shahin, A. J. (2022). Audition controls the flow of visual time during multisensory perception. IScience, 25(7).

[Bortfeld_Gabouer_2021chapter] Bortfeld, H., & Gabouer, A. (2021). Infant communication (chapter 15). In A. Vangelisti (Ed.), Routledge Handbook of Family Communication (3rd Edition). Routledge.

[pdf] Gabouer, A., & Bortfeld, H. (2021). Revisiting how we operationalize joint attention. Infant Behavior and Development, 63, 101566.

[pdf] Backer, K. C., & Bortfeld, H. (2021). Characterizing bilingual effects on cognition: The search for meaningful individual differences. Brain Sciences, 11(1), 81.

[pdf] Shen, S., Kerlin, J. R., Bortfeld, H., & Shahin, A. J. (2020). The cross-modal suppressive role of visual context on speech intelligibility: An ERP study. Brain Sciences, 10(11), 810.

[pdf] Rahimpour, A., Pollonini, L., Comstock, D., Balasubramaniam, R., & Bortfeld, H. (2020). Tracking differential activation of primary and supplementary motor cortex across timing tasks: An fNIRS validation study. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 341, 1-9.

[pdf] Gabouer, A., Oghalai, J., & Bortfeld, H. (2020). Parental use of multimodal cues in the initiation of joint attention as a function of child hearing status. Discourse Processes, 57, 491-506.

[link] Bortfeld, H. & Oghalai, J. (2020). Joint attention in hearing parent-deaf child and hearing parent-hearing child dyads. IEEE Transactions on Cognitive and Developmental Systems, 99, 243-249.

[Soderstrom_Bortfeld_chapter] Soderstrom, M. & Bortfeld, H. (2019). Prosody in infant- and child-directed speech. In C. Gussenhoven and A. Chen (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Language Prosody. Oxford University Press.

[pdf] Bortfeld, H. (2019). Functional near-infrared spectroscopy as a tool for assessing speech and spoken language processing in pediatric and adult cochlear implant users. Developmental Psychobiology, 61, 430-443.

[pdf] Hall, M., Eigsti, I.M., Bortfeld, H., & Lillo-Martin, D. (2018). Executive function in deaf children: Auditory access and language access. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 61, 1970-1988.

[pdf] Gabouer, A., Oghalai, J., & Bortfeld, H. (2018). Hearing parents’ use of auditory, visual, and tactile cues as a function of child hearing status. International Journal of Comparative Psychology, 31.

[pdf] Hall, M., Eigsti, I.M., Bortfeld, H., & Lillo-Martin, D. (2018). Auditory access, language access, and implicit sequence learning in deaf children. Developmental Science, 21, 1-12.

[pdf] Bortfeld, H. (2017). Is figurative language the final frontier, or a pit stop along the way? American Journal of Psychology, 130(2), 254-258.

[pdf] Hall, M., Eigsti, I.M., Bortfeld, H., & Lillo-Martin, D. (2017). Auditory deprivation does not impair executive function, but language deprivation might: evidence from a parent-report measure in deaf native signing children. Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 22, 9-21.

[pdf] Mattys, S., & Bortfeld, H. (2016). Speech segmentation. In G. Gaskell, & J. Mirkovic (Eds.), Speech Perception and Spoken Word Recognition (pp. 55-75). Psychology Press.

[pdf] Pollonini, L., Bortfeld, H., & Oghalai, J.S. (2016). PHOEBE: a method for real time mapping of optodes-scalp coupling in functional near-infrared spectroscopy. Biomedical Optics Express, 7, 5104-5119.

[pdf] Saliba, J., Bortfeld, H., Levitin, D. J., & Oghalai, J. S. (2016). Functional near-infrared spectroscopy for neuroimaging in cochlear implant recipients. Hearing Research, 338, 64-75.

[pdf] Olds, C., Pollonini, L., Abaya, H., Larky, J., Loy, M., Bortfeld, H., Beauchamp, M., & Oghalai, J. (2016). Cortical activation patterns correlate with speech understanding after cochlear implantation. Ear & Hearing, 37, 160-172.

[pdf] Depowski, N., Abaya, H., Oghalai, J., & Bortfeld, H. (2015). Modality use in joint attention between hearing parents and deaf children. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 1556.

[pdf] Shaw, K., Baart, M., Depowski, N., & Bortfeld, H. (2015). Infants’ preference for native audiovisual speech dissociated from congruency preference. PLoS ONE 10(4), 1-11: e0126059.

[pdf] Baart, M., Bortfeld, H., & Vroomen, J. (2015). Phonetic matching of auditory and visual speech develops during childhood: Evidence from sine-wave speech. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 129, 157-64.

[pdf] Shaw, K., & Bortfeld, H. (2015). Sources of confusion in infant audiovisual speech perception research. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 1844.

[pdf] Fava, E., Hull, R., & Bortfeld, H. (2014). Dissociating cortical activity during processing of native and non-native audiovisual speech from early to late infancy. Brain Sciences, 4, 471-487.

[pdf] Baart, M., Vroomen, J., Shaw, K., & Bortfeld, H. (2014). Degrading phonetic information affects matching of audiovisual speech in adults, but not in infants. Cognition, 130, 31-43.

[pdf] Pollonini, L., Olds, C., Abaya, H., Bortfeld, H., Beauchamp, M., & Oghalai, J. (2014). Auditory cortex activation to natural speech and simulated cochlear implant speech measured with functional near-infrared spectroscopy. Hearing Research, 309, 84-93.

[pdf] Fava, E., Hull, R., Baumbauer, K., & Bortfeld, H. (2014). Hemodynamic responses to speech and music in preverbal infants. Child Neuropsychology, 20, 430-438.

[pdf] Bortfeld, H., Shaw, K., & Depowski, N. (2013). Disentangling the influence of salience and familiarity on infant word learning: methodological advances. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 1-10.

[pdf] Bortfeld, H., Shaw, K., & Depowski, N. (2012). The miracle year: From basic structure to social communication (pp. 153-171). In L. Gogate & G. Hollich (Eds.), Theoretical and Computational Models of Word Learning: Trends in Psychology and Artificial Intelligence. IGI Global.

[htm] Gruenbaum, B., Depowski, N., Shaw, K., & Bortfeld, H. (2012). Infant communication (pp. 224-255). In A. Vangelisti (Ed.), Routledge Handbook of Family Communication. New York, NY: Routledge.

[pdf] Oghalai, J., Caudle, S., Bentley, B., Abaya, H., Lin, J., Baker, D., Emery, C., Bortfeld, H., & Winzelberg, J. (2012). Cognitive outcomes and familial stress after cochlear implantation in deaf children with and without developmental delays. Otology and Neurotology, 33, 947-956.

[pdf] Beauchamp, M., Beurlot, M., Fava, E., Nath, A., Parikh, N., Saad, Z., Bortfeld, H., & Oghalai, J. (2011). The developmental trajectory of brain-scalp distance from birth through childhood: implications for functional neuroimaging. PLoS One, 6, 9.

[pdf] Fava, E., Hull, R., & Bortfeld, H. (2011). Linking behavioral and neurophysiological indicators of perceptual tuning to language. Frontiers in Psychology, 2, 174.

[pdf] Chen, H.C., Vaid, J., Boas, D. & Bortfeld, H. (2011). Examining the phonological neighborhood density effect using near-infrared spectroscopy. Human Brain Mapping, 32, 1363-1370.

[pdf] Sevy, A., Bortfeld, H., Huppert, T., Beauchamp, M., Tonini R., & Oghalai J. (2010). Neuroimaging with near-infrared spectroscopy demonstrates speech-evoked activity in the auditory cortex of deaf children following cochlear implantation. Hearing Research, 270, 39-47.

[pdf] Bortfeld, H. & Morgan, J. (2010). Is early word-form processing stress-full? How natural variability supports recognition. Cognitive Psychology, 60, 241-266.

[pdf] Felps, D., Bortfeld, H., & Gutiérrez-Osuna, R. (2009). Foreign accent conversion in computer assisted pronunciation training. Speech Communication, 51, 920-932.

[pdf] Rodríguez, J., Bortfeld, H., Rudomín, I., Hernández, B., & Gutiérrez-Osuna, R. (2009). The reverse-caricature effect revisited: Familiarization with frontal facial caricatures improves veridical face recognition. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 23, 733-742.

[pdf] Hull, R., Bortfeld, H., & Koons, S. (2009). Near-infrared spectroscopy and cortical responses to speech production. The Open Neuroimaging Journal, 3, 26-30.

[pdf] Wilcox, T., Bortfeld, H., Woods, R., Wruck, E., Armstrong, J., & Boas, D. (2009). Hemodynamic changes in the infant cortex during the processing of featural and spatiotemporal information. Neuropsychologia, 47, 657-662.

[pdf] Bortfeld, H., Fava, E., & Boas, D. (2009). Identifying cortical lateralization of speech processing in infants using near-infrared spectroscopy. Developmental Neuropsychology, 34, 52-65.

[pdf] Singh, L., Nestor, S., & Bortfeld, H. (2008). Overcoming the effects of variation in infant speech segmentation: Influences of word familiarity. Infancy, 13, 57-74.

[pdf] Wilcox, T., Bortfeld, H., Woods, R., Wruck, E., & Boas, D. (2008). Hemodynamic response to featural changes in the occipital and inferior temporal cortex in infants: A preliminary methodological exploration. Developmental Science, 11, 361-370.

[pdf] Chen, H.C., Vaid, J., Bortfeld, H., & Boas, D. (2008). Optical imaging of phonological processing in two distinct orthographies. Experimental Brain Research, 184, 427-433.

[pdf] Franceschini, M.A., Thaker, S., Themelis, G., Krishnamoorthy, K., Bortfeld, H., Diamond, S., Boas, D., Arvin, K., & Grant, E. (2007). Assessment of infant brain development with frequency-domain near-infrared spectroscopy. Pediatric Research, 61, 546-551.

[pdf] McGlone, M., Bortfeld, H., & Kobrynowicz, D. (2007). Laying it on thin: Analogical cue frequency in the manipulation of choice. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 721-731.

[pdf] Bortfeld, H., Wruck, E., & Boas, D. (2007). Assessing infants’ cortical response to speech using near-infrared spectroscopy. NeuroImage, 34, 407-415.

[pdf] Bortfeld, H., Smith, S.M., & Tassinary, L.G. (2006). Memory and the brain: A retrospective. Cognition & Emotion, 20, 1027-1045.

[htm] Bortfeld, H. (2005). Baby talk. In N.J. Salkind (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Human Development. London: Sage.

[pdf] Bortfeld, H., Morgan, J., Golinkoff, R., & Rathbun, K. (2005). Mommy and me: Familiar names help launch babies into speech stream segmentation. Psychological Science, 16, 298-304.

[pdf] Bortfeld, H. (2005). Discourse on discourse. American Journal of Psychology, 118, 302-305.

[pdf] Wilcox, T., Bortfeld, H., Woods, R., Wruck, E., & Boas, D. (2005). Using near-infrared spectroscopy to assess neural activation during object processing in infants. Journal of Biomedical Optics, 10, 011010-1-011010-9.

[pdf of target article, plus commentaries] Bortfeld, H. (2004). Which came first: Infants learning language or motherese? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 27, 505-507.

[pdf] Bortfeld, H. (2003). Comprehending idioms cross-linguistically. Experimental Psychology, 50, 1-15.

[pdf] Bortfeld, H. (2002). Commentary on Essays in Honor of Jacques Mehler, E. Dupoux (Ed.), LINGUIST List 13.1705.

[pdf] Bortfeld, H. (2002). What native and non-native speakers’ images for idioms tell us about figurative language. In Heredia, R., & Altarriba, J. (Eds.), Advances in Psychology: Bilingual Sentence Processing (pp. 275-295). North Holland: Elsevier Press.

[pdf] Bortfeld, H., Leon, S., Bloom, J., Schober, M., & Brennan, S. (2001). Disfluency rates in conversation: Effects of age, relationship, topic, role, and gender. Language and Speech, 44, 123-147.

[pdf] Bortfeld, H., & Whitehurst, G. (2001). Sensitive periods to first language acquisition. In D. Bailey, J. Bruer, J. Lichtman, & F. Symons (Eds.) Critical thinking about critical periods: Perspectives from Biology, Psychology, and Education (pp. 173-192). Baltimore, MD: Brookes Publishing.

[pdf] Bortfeld, H., & McGlone, M. (2001). The continuum of metaphor processing. Metaphor and Symbol, 16, 75-86.

[pdf] Gerrig, R., & Bortfeld, H. (1999). Sense creation in and out of discourse contexts. Journal of Memory and Language, 41, 457-468.

[pdf] Bortfeld, H. (1999). Language and its normal processing. Language and Education, 13, 156-159.

[pdf] Bortfeld, H. (1998). Computer-mediated communication: Linguistic, social, and cross-cultural perspectives. Language, 74, 420.

[pdf] Bortfeld, H., & Brennan, S. (1997). Use and acquisition of idiomatic expressions in referring by native and non-native speakers. Discourse Processes, 23, 21-49.


Shaw, K. & Bortfeld, H. (2015). Infants are sensitive to asynchronous audiovisual speech. In BUCLD 39: Proceedings of the 39th Annual Boston University Conference on Language Development. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.

Grant, E., Themelis, G., Arvin, K., Thaker, S., Krishnamoorthy, K., Bortfeld, H., & Franceshini, M.A. (2006). Alterations in regional oxygen saturation (StO2) and blood volume (HbT) in infants with brain injuries and ECMO. Biomedical Optics: Technical Digest of the Optical Society of America, MC4.

Singh, L., Nestor, S., & Bortfeld, H. (2006). Effects of word familiarity on word recognition in infancy. In D. Bamman, T. Magnitskaia, & C. Zaller (Eds.), BUCLD 30: Proceedings of the 30th annual Boston University Conference on Language Development. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.

McGlone, M.S., Bortfeld, H., & Kobrynowicz, D. (2006). Using idioms to invoke implicit analogical framing in decision making. Texas Linguistics Forum, 49, 108-116.

Bortfeld, H., Rathbun, K., Morgan, J., & Golinkoff, R. (2003). What’s in a name? Highly familiar items anchor infants’ segmentation of fluent speech. In B. Beachley, A. Brown, & F. Conlin (Eds.), BUCLD 27: Proceedings of the 27th annual Boston University Conference on Language Development. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.

Nadig, A., Sedivy, J., Joshi, A., & Bortfeld, H. (2003). The development of discourse constraints on the interpretation of adjectives. In B. Beachley, A. Brown, & F. Conlin (Eds.), BUCLD 27: Proceedings of the 27th annual Boston University Conference on Language Development. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.

Singh, L., Bortfeld, H., & Morgan, J. (2002). Effects of variability on infant word recognition. In A. Do, L. Domínguez, and A. Johansen (Eds.), BUCLD 26: Proceedings of the 26th Annual Boston University Conference on Language Development (pp. 608-619). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.

[pdf] Bortfeld, H., & Morgan, J. (2000). The influence of focusing stress on infants’ recognition of words in fluent speech. In S. Catherine Howell, S. Fish, & T. Keith-Lucas (Eds.), BUCLD 24: Proceedings of the 24th Annual Boston University Conference on Language Development (pp.151-163). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.

Bortfeld, H., & Morgan, J. (1999). Interaction of varieties of stress in infant-directed speech, Proceedings of the 14th Annual International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, 2, 1185-1188.

Bortfeld, H., Leon, S., Bloom, J., Schober, M., & Brennan, S. (1999). Which speakers are most disfluent in conversation and when? Proceedings of the 1st Annual Speech Disfluency Satellite Conference of the International Congress of Phonetic Sciences.

[pdf] Bortfeld, H., & Morgan, J. (1999). Disentangling multiple sources of stress in infant-directed speech. In A. Greenhill, H. Littlefield & C. Tano (Eds.), BUCLD 23: Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Boston University Conference on Language Development (pp.103-111). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.

McGlone, M., & Bortfeld, H. (1999). The continuum of metaphor processing. Proceedings of the AISB’99 Symposium on Metaphor, Artificial Intelligence, and Cognition. Edinburgh, Scotland: University of Edinburgh Press.

Bortfeld, H., & Morgan, J. (1998). Many sources of stress in infant-directed speech. Les Sons de la Parole Spontanee, La Baume-les-Aix, European Scientific Communication Association.

Bortfeld, H., & Brennan, S. (1994). Lexical Entrainment: Psycholinguistic evidence for lexical choice between native and non-native speakers. The Penn Review of Linguistics: Proceedings of the Penn Linguistics Colloquium, 18.